Slovesá nasledované neurčitkom

Veľa rozličných slovies sú nasledované alebo môžu byť nasledované druhým slovesom v infinitíve. Všetky slovesá, ktoré sú uvedené na tejto stránke, sú nasledované to-neurčitkom, keď je neurčitok použitý. Slovesá označené hviezdičkou môžu byť tiež nasledované s vedľajšou vetou začínajúcou s "that", keď podmetom hlavného slovesa je "it".

Slovesá nasledované neurčitkom

afford agree* aim appear** arrange* bother care
claim* condescend consent decide* demand* determine* endeavour
fail guarantee* happen* hasten have (= be obliged) hesitate hope*
learn long manage offer prepare pretend* proceed
promise* propose prove (= turn out) refuse resolve* seek seem**
strive swear* tend threaten* trouble undertake volunteer
vow*          
Príklady
  • I hope to see you next week.
  • I hope that I'll see you next week.
  • He claimed to be an expert.
  • He claimed that she was an expert.
  • I managed to reach the top of the hill.
  • Would you care to swim?
Príklady
  • It appeared that no-one had locked the door.
  • He appeared to be lost.
  • It seems that she is running late.
  • She seems to be running late.

Slovesá nasledované podstatným menom + neurčitkom

accustom aid appoint assist cause challenge command*
defy direct* drive empower enable encourage entice
entitle entreat force get implore* incite induce
inspire instruct* invite lead leave (= make someone responsible) oblige order*
persuade* press prompt provoke remind* require* stimulate
summon teach tell tempt trust* warn*  
Príklady
  • The professor challenged his students to argue with his theory.
  • This law empowers the government to charge higher taxes.
  • You can't force me to do something I don't agree with.
  • I invited the new student to have dinner with me.
  • What inspired you to write this poem?
Slovesá bez podstatného mena pred vedľajšou vetou začínajúcou s "that"

Keď niektoré konkrétne slovesá nasleduje vedľajšia veta začínajúca s "that", nenachádza sa pred tým žiadne podstatné meno aj dokonca vtedy, keď je podstatné meno pred neurčitkom. Toto je prípad slovies command, direct, entreat, implore, order, require, & trust.

Príklady
  • I trust you to tell the truth.
  • I trust that you are telling the truth.
  • The general commanded his men to surrender.
  • The general commanded that his men surrender.
Slovesá s podstatným menom pred vedľajšou vetou začínajúcou s "that"

Keď sú ostatné slovesá nasledované vedľajšou vetou začínajúcou s "that", vyžaduje sa pred ňu podstatné meno, tak isto, ako predtým neurčitok. Týka sa to slovies persuade & remind.

Príklady
  • You can't persuade people to buy small cars.
  • You can't persuade people that small cars are better.
  • He reminded me to take my notebook to school.
  • He reminded me that I would need my notebook.
Slovesá s voliteľným podstatným menom pred vedľajšou vetou začínajúcou s "that"

Posledná skupina slovies, ktoré keď sú nasledované vedľajšou vetou začínajúcou s "that" potrebujú voliteľné podstatné meno pred danú vedľajšiu vetu. Týka sa to slovies instruct, teach, & warn.

Príklady
  • She taught her students to appreciate poetry.
  • She taught her students that poetry was valuable.
  • She taught that poetry was valuable.

Slovesá nasledované neurčitkom alebo podstatným menom + neurčitok

             
             
Príklady
  • I asked him to show me the book.
  • I asked to see the book.
  • She helped me to put away the dishes.
  • She helped to put away the dishes.
  • We expect you to do your best in the exam.
  • We expect to do well on our exams.
  • Do you want to go to the beach?
  • Do you want me to go with you to the beach?
Použitie slova dare

V záporných a opytovacích vetách s alebo bez slova 'to', pokiaľ je podmet oboch slovies rovnaký, je možné použiť slovo "dare", hoci je bežnejšie vynechať 'to'. Ak je podmet dvoch slovies rozdielny, nemôžete to vynechať. 

Príklady
  • I never dared tell him what happened.
  • Do you dare tell him?
  • Would you dare (to) jump out of a plane?
  • I dare you to tell him the truth.
  • She dared me to jump off the wall.